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Table 1 Twenty-four hr nutrient intakes, mean (SE), for boys and girls prior to the introduction of the breakfast programme

From: A cross-sectional observational study of the nutritional intake of UK primary school children from deprived and non-deprived backgrounds: implications for school breakfast schemes

Nutrient Reference Nutrient Intakea Boys Percent of boys less than 66 % of RNI Girls Percent of girls less than 66 % of RNI
(n = 270) (n = 311)
Energy (Mj)   8.18 (0.20)   7.09 (0.15)  
Protein (g) 28.3 63.7 (1.8) 0.5 % 53.8 (1.3) 3 %
Fat (g)   75.3 (2.3)   65.3 (1.6)  
Carbohydrate (g)   268.6 (6.5)   232.9 (5.0)  
Fibre (g)   12.3 (0.4)   10.1 (0.3)  
Calcium (mg) 550 930.4 (36.6) 9.6 % 745.3 (23.3) 14 %
Phosphorus (mg) 450 1199.6 (31.9) 0 % 982.4 (22.0) 1.5 %
Magnesium (mg) 200 222.3 (5.8) 15 % 184.6 (4.0) 22.1 %
Sodium (mg) 1200 2688.2 (81.2) 0.5 % 2279.1 (56.2) 1.5 %
Potassium (mg) 2000 2353.7 (62.0) 10.6 % 2047.4 (50.5) 20.5 %
Chloride (mg) 1800 3932.5 (121.3) 1.6 % 3348.3 (80.4) 2.0 %
Iron (mg) 8.7 10.2 (0.35) 14.4 % 7.7 (0.2) 33.5 %
Zinc (mg) 7 7.2 (0.23) 22.9 % 5.9 (0.2) 35 %
Copper (mg) 0.7 1.0 (0.04) 10.6 % 0.8 (0.03) 17.5 %
Selenium (μg) 30 31.4 (1.3) 31.9 % 26.3 (1.1) 42.7 %
Iodine (μg) 110 137.5 (5.2) 25.5 % 113.5 (4.1) 31.5 %
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.7 1.61 (0.05) 0.5 % 1.32 (0.04) 4 %
Vitamin B2 (mg) 1 1.66 (0.05) 12.8 % 1.30 (0.09) 17.1 %
Niacin (mg) 12 28.12 (0.9) 1.1 % 23.8 (0.63) 3.5 %
Vitamin B6 (mg) 1 2.04 (0.6) 1.1 % 1.73 (0.05) 6 %
Vitamin B12 (μg) 1 3.53 (0.15) 4.3 % 2.87 (0.11) 7 %
Folate (μg) 150 213.87 (6.6) 6.4 % 173.4 (5.1) 19 %
Vitamin C (mg) 30 105.16 (4.8) 5.9 % 99.9 (4.0) 7 %
Vitamin A (μg) 500 533 (32.4) 37.2 % 492 (22.7) 43.5 %
Vitamin D (μg)   2.22 (0.14)   1.81 (0.10)  
Vitamin E (mg)   6.64 (0.27)   6.09 (0.20)  
  1. aDietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom (1991). London: HMSO. The data are for children aged 7 to 10 years