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  1. China has witnessed a significant nutritional transition. However, there is a gap in the literature investigating the association between change of diet and mortality among Chinese. Thus, we aimed to explore t...

    Authors: Ming-wei Liu, Sarah A. McNaughton, Qi-qiang He and Rebecca Leech

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:51

    Content type: Research

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  2. It has been posited that physical activity (PA) has the potential to improve health outcomes and the health-related quality of life of people living with or beyond cancer. Despite the well-documented health be...

    Authors: Sarah Elshahat, Charlene Treanor and Michael Donnelly

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:50

    Content type: Review

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  3. Nutrition labels show potential in increasing healthy food and beverage purchases, but their effectiveness seems to depend on the type of label, the targeted food category and the setting, and evidence on thei...

    Authors: J. C. Hoenink, J. M. Stuber, J. Lakerveld, W. Waterlander, J. W. J. Beulens and J. D. Mackenbach

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:49

    Content type: Research

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  4. A pan-European approach to evaluate policy impact on health behaviour requires the employment of a consensus set of established and relevant indicators.

    Authors: Lina Garnica Rosas, Gert B. M. Mensink, Jonas D. Finger, Anja Schienkiewitz, Stefanie Do, Maike Wolters, Isobel Stanley, Karim Abu Omar, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Catherine B. Woods, Celine Murrin, Wolfgang Ahrens and Antje Hebestreit

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:48

    Content type: Methodology

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  5. Physical activity (PA) may positively stimulate the brain, cognition and mental health during adolescence, a period of dynamic neurobiological development. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) or vigorous P...

    Authors: T. M. Wassenaar, C. M. Wheatley, N. Beale, T. Nichols, P. Salvan, A. Meaney, K. Atherton, K. Diaz-Ordaz, H. Dawes and H. Johansen-Berg

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:47

    Content type: Research

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  6. The patterning of food intake at eating occasions is a poorly understood, albeit important, step towards achieving a healthy dietary pattern. However, to capture the many permutations of food combinations at e...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Leech, Carol J. Boushey and Sarah A. McNaughton

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:46

    Content type: Research

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  7. To examine if a composite activity-sleep behaviour index (ASI) mediates the effects of a combined physical activity and sleep intervention on symptoms of depression, anxiety, or stress, quality of life (QOL), ...

    Authors: Mitch J. Duncan, Anna T. Rayward, Elizabeth G. Holliday, Wendy J. Brown, Corneel Vandelanotte, Beatrice Murawski and Ronald C. Plotnikoff

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:45

    Content type: Research

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  8. The North Carolina (NC) Healthy Food Small Retailer Program (HFSRP) was passed into law with a $250,000 appropriation (2016–2018) providing up to $25,000 in funding to small food stores for equipment to stock ...

    Authors: Stephanie B. Jilcott Pitts, Qiang Wu, Kimberly P. Truesdale, Ann P. Rafferty, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Kathryn A. Boys, Jared T. McGuirt, Sheila Fleischhacker, Nevin Johnson, Archana P. Kaur, Ronny A. Bell, Alice S. Ammerman and Melissa N. Laska

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:44

    Content type: Research

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  9. Social factors are important determinants of youth physical activity (PA), but the longitudinal association between parental behaviours and adolescent PA has not been clearly assessed. This prospective study e...

    Authors: Radhouene Doggui, François Gallant and Mathieu Bélanger

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:43

    Content type: Research

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  10. Sustainable shifts in population behaviours require system-level implementation and embeddedness of large-scale health interventions. This paper aims to understand how different contexts of scaling up interven...

    Authors: Harriet Koorts, Samuel Cassar, Jo Salmon, Mark Lawrence, Paul Salmon and Henry Dorling

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:42

    Content type: Research

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  11. Due to the myriad of benefits of children’s outdoor play and time, there is increasing concern over its decline. This systematic review synthesized evidence on the correlates of outdoor play and outdoor time a...

    Authors: Eun-Young Lee, Ajaypal Bains, Stephen Hunter, Alyssa Ament, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Valerie Carson, Shawn Hakimi, Wendy Y. Huang, Ian Janssen, Mikyung Lee, Heejun Lim, Diego Augusto Santos Silva and Mark S. Tremblay

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:41

    Content type: Review

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  12. COVID-19 lockdowns may lead to physical inactivity, a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases. This study aims to determine: 1) the trajectory in daily step counts before, during and after the lockdown...

    Authors: Ding Ding, Minna Cheng, Borja del Pozo Cruz, Tao Lin, Shuangyuan Sun, Li Zhang, Qinping Yang, Zhicong Ma, Jing Wang, Yingnan Jia and Yan Shi

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:40

    Content type: Research

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  13. Physical activity (PA) decreases and sedentary time (SED) increases across childhood, with both behaviours tracking. However, no studies have examined how accumulation patterns of PA and SED (i.e., prolonged b...

    Authors: Katherine L Downing, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Alison Carver, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely and Kylie D Hesketh

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:39

    Content type: Research

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  14. The Nutri-Score summary graded front-of-pack nutrition label has been identified as an efficient tool to increase the nutritional quality of pre-packed food purchases. However, no study has been conducted to i...

    Authors: Manon Egnell, Pilar Galan, Morgane Fialon, Mathilde Touvier, Sandrine Péneau, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg and Chantal Julia

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:38

    Content type: Research

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  15. As numbers of children and time spent in childcare centres increase, so does the potential influence of these centres on early childhood physical activity (PA). However, previous reports indicate little succes...

    Authors: R. M. Telford, L. S. Olive and R. D. Telford

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:37

    Content type: Research

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  16. Successful implementation and long-term maintenance of healthy supermarkets initiatives are crucial to achieving potential population health benefits. Understanding barriers and enablers of implementation of r...

    Authors: Miranda R. Blake, Gary Sacks, Christina Zorbas, Josephine Marshall, Liliana Orellana, Amy K. Brown, Marj Moodie, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Jaithri Ananthapavan, Fabrice Etilé and Adrian J. Cameron

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:36

    Content type: Research

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  17. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Andrea Ramírez Varela, Gloria Isabel Nino Cruz, Pedro Hallal, Cauane Blumenberg, Shana Ginar da Silva, Deborah Salvo, Rafaela Martins, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Eugen Resendiz, Maria Catalina del Portillo, Luciana Zaranza Monteiro, Selina Khoo, Kar Hau Chong, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Alice Mannocci, Ding Ding…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:35

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:5

  18. It is estimated that around 30% of breast cancers in post-menopausal women are related to lifestyle. The breast cancer-pooling project demonstrated that sustained weight loss of 2 to 4.5 kg is associated with ...

    Authors: Annie S. Anderson, Huey Yi Chong, Angela M. Craigie, Peter T. Donnan, Stephanie Gallant, Amy Hickman, Chloe McAdam, Jennifer McKell, Paul McNamee, E. Jane Macaskill, Nanette Mutrie, Ronan E. O’Carroll, Petra Rauchhaus, Naveed Sattar, Martine Stead and Shaun Treweek

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:34

    Content type: Research

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  19. The American Heart Association (AHA) developed a definition of ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) based on the presence of both ideal health behaviours (diet, physical activity, weight status and smoking) and i...

    Authors: Hester Jaspers Faijer-Westerink, Mette Stavnsbo, Barbara A. Hutten, Mai Chinapaw and Tanja G. M. Vrijkotte

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:33

    Content type: Research

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  20. Language focused on individual dietary behaviors, or alternatively, lifestyle choices or decisions, suggests that what people eat and drink is primarily a choice that comes down to free will. Referring to and ...

    Authors: Dana Lee Olstad and Sharon I. Kirkpatrick

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:32

    Content type: Debate

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  21. Interventions to improve physical activity behaviour are a core part of public health policy and practice. It is essential that we evaluate these interventions and use the evidence to inform decisions to impro...

    Authors: Judith F. Fynn, Wendy Hardeman, Karen Milton and Andy Jones

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:31

    Content type: Research

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  22. The home environment is a central and modifiable influence on the development of childhood obesity. Evidence supports the central role of parents in shaping problematic child eating behaviors and excess weight...

    Authors: Sheryl O. Hughes, Thomas G. Power, Teresia M. O’Connor, Jennifer O. Fisher, Nilda E. Micheli and Maria A. Papaioannou

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:30

    Content type: Research

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  23. With urbanization and aging increasing in coming decades, societies face the challenge of keeping aging populations active. Land use mix (LUM) has been associated with cycling and walking, but whether changes ...

    Authors: J. M. Noordzij, M. A. Beenackers, J. Oude Groeniger, E. J. Timmermans, I. Motoc, M. Huisman and F. J. van Lenthe

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:29

    Content type: Research

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  24. The Structured Days Hypothesis (SDH) posits that children’s behaviors associated with obesity – such as physical activity – are more favorable on days that contain more ‘structure’ (i.e., a pre-planned, segmen...

    Authors: Keith Brazendale, Michael W. Beets, Bridget Armstrong, R. Glenn Weaver, Ethan T. Hunt, Russell R. Pate, Timothy A. Brusseau, Amy M. Bohnert, Timothy Olds, Rafael M. Tassitano, Maria Cecilia M. Tenorio, Jeanette Garcia, Lars B. Andersen, Rachel Davey, Pedro C. Hallal, Russell Jago…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:28

    Content type: Research

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  25. Heuristic cadence (steps/min) thresholds of ≥100 and ≥ 130 steps/min correspond with absolutely-defined moderate (3 metabolic equivalents [METs]; 1 MET = 3.5 mL O2·kg− 1·min− 1) and vigorous (6 METs) intensity, r...

    Authors: Cayla R. McAvoy, Christopher C. Moore, Elroy J. Aguiar, Scott W. Ducharme, John M. Schuna Jr, Tiago V. Barreira, Colleen J. Chase, Zachary R. Gould, Marcos A. Amalbert-Birriel, Stuart R. Chipkin, John Staudenmayer, Catrine Tudor-Locke and Jose Mora-Gonzalez

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:27

    Content type: Research

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  26. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often regarded as the gold standard of evidence, and subsequently go on to inform policymaking. Cochrane Reviews synthesise this type of evidence to create recommendatio...

    Authors: James Nobles, Carolyn Summerbell, Tamara Brown, Russell Jago and Theresa Moore

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:22

    Content type: Research

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  27. Offering financial incentives promotes increases in fruit and vegetable purchases in farmers’ markets and supermarkets. Yet, little is understood about whether food-insecure adults purchase more fruits and veg...

    Authors: Pasquale E. Rummo, Reece Lyerly, Jennifer Rose, Yelena Malyuta, Eliza Dexter Cohen and Amy Nunn

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:26

    Content type: Research

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  28. Daily time spent in sleep, sedentary behaviour (SED), light intensity physical activity (LIPA), and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) are compositional, co-dependent variables. The object...

    Authors: Anna E. Clarke and Ian Janssen

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:25

    Content type: Research

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  29. This scoping review summarized research on (a) seasonal differences in physical activity and sedentary behavior, and (b) specific weather indices associated with those behaviors.

    Authors: Taylor B. Turrisi, Kelsey M. Bittel, Ashley B. West, Sarah Hojjatinia, Sahar Hojjatinia, Scherezade K. Mama, Constantino M. Lagoa and David E. Conroy

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:24

    Content type: Review

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  30. Evidence suggests that dietary intake of UK children is suboptimal. As schools provide an ideal natural environment for public health interventions, effective and sustainable methods of improving food knowledg...

    Authors: Sarah F. Brennan, Fiona Lavelle, Sarah E. Moore, Moira Dean, Michelle C. McKinley, Patrick McCole, Ruth F. Hunter, Laura Dunne, Niamh E. O’Connell, Chris R. Cardwell, Chris T. Elliott, Danielle McCarthy and Jayne V. Woodside

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:23

    Content type: Research

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  31. Ultra-processed foods have now become dominant in the global food system. Whether their consumption is associated with cardiovascular mortality remains controversial. Moreover, data on ultra-processed foods an...

    Authors: Guo-Chao Zhong, Hai-Tao Gu, Yang Peng, Kang Wang, You-Qi-Le Wu, Tian-Yang Hu, Feng-Chuang Jing and Fa-Bao Hao

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:21

    Content type: Research

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  32. Learning cooking skills during childhood and adolescence is associated with positive dietary outcomes in adulthood as well as being tracked from adolescence to adulthood. In addition studies have found that pe...

    Authors: Moira Dean, Johann Issartel, Tony Benson, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Claire McKernan, Laura Dunne, Sarah F. Brennan, Sarah E. Moore, Danielle McCarthy, Jayne V. Woodside and Fiona Lavelle

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:20

    Content type: Research

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  33. There are few robust natural experimental studies of improving urban green spaces on physical activity and wellbeing. The aim of this controlled natural experimental study was to examine the impact of green sp...

    Authors: Jack S. Benton, Sarah Cotterill, Jamie Anderson, Vanessa G. Macintyre, Matthew Gittins, Matthew Dennis and David P. French

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:19

    Content type: Research

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  34. Although school garden programs have been shown to improve dietary behaviors, there has not been a cluster-randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted to examine the effects of school garden programs on obesit...

    Authors: Jaimie N. Davis, Adriana Pérez, Fiona M. Asigbee, Matthew J. Landry, Sarvenaz Vandyousefi, Reem Ghaddar, Amy Hoover, Matthew Jeans, Katie Nikah, Brian Fischer, Stephen J. Pont, Daphne Richards, Deanna M. Hoelscher and Alexandra E. Van Den Berg

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:18

    Content type: Research

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  35. Many school-based physical activity (PA) interventions are complex and have modest effects when delivered in real world contexts. A commonly reported barrier to students’ PA, particularly among girls, are unif...

    Authors: Nicole Nathan, Nicole McCarthy, Kirsty Hope, Rachel Sutherland, Christophe Lecathelinais, Alix Hall, Cassandra Lane, Stewart Trost, Sze Lin Yoong and Luke Wolfenden

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:17

    Content type: Research

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  36. The ‘scale-up’ of effective physical activity interventions is required if they are to yield improvements in population health. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of commu...

    Authors: Cassandra Lane, Sam McCrabb, Nicole Nathan, Patti-Jean Naylor, Adrian Bauman, Andrew Milat, Melanie Lum, Rachel Sutherland, Judith Byaruhanga and Luke Wolfenden

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:16

    Content type: Review

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  37. Research shows that part of the variation in physical activity and sedentary behaviour may be explained by genetic factors. Identifying genetic variants associated with physical activity and sedentary behaviou...

    Authors: Lene Aasdahl, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Ingebrigt Meisingset, Anne Lovise Nordstoga, Kari Anne I. Evensen, Julie Paulsen, Paul Jarle Mork and Eivind Schjelderup Skarpsno

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:15

    Content type: Review

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  38. Adolescents (11–18-year-olds) are at risk of physical inactivity. There is limited knowledge of physical activity (PA) levels among adolescents in the school setting in Hong Kong. We developed and tested a nov...

    Authors: Alison Carver, Muhammad Akram, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Yajun Huang, Gemma Yang Gao, Robin R. Mellecker and Ester Cerin

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:14

    Content type: Research

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  39. In order to measure and understand trajectories of parental feeding practices and their relationship with child eating and weight, it is desirable to perform assessment from infancy and across time, in age-app...

    Authors: E. Jansen, C. G. Russell, J. Appleton, R. Byrne, L. A. Daniels, C. Fowler, C. Rossiter and K. M. Mallan

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:13

    Content type: Research

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  40. Reproducibility of FFQs measures the consistency of the same subject at different time points. We performed a meta-analysis to explore the reproducibility of FFQs and factors related to reproducibility of FFQs.

    Authors: Qi Cui, Yang Xia, Qijun Wu, Qing Chang, Kaijun Niu and Yuhong Zhao

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:12

    Content type: Research

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  41. The overarching objective was to examine the effectiveness of intervention strategies to promote fruit and vegetable consumption. To do this, systematic review evidence regarding the effects of intervention st...

    Authors: Luke Wolfenden, Courtney Barnes, Cassandra Lane, Sam McCrabb, Hannah M. Brown, Sarah Gerritsen, Simon Barquera, Lesly Samara Véjar, Ana Munguía and Sze Lin Yoong

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:11

    Content type: Review

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  42. Increasingly, public health interventions are delivered via telephone and/or text messages. Recent systematic reviews of early childhood obesity prevention interventions have not adequately reported on the way...

    Authors: Mahalakshmi Ekambareshwar, Swathi Ekambareshwar, Seema Mihrshahi, Li Ming Wen, Louise A. Baur, Rachel Laws, Sarah Taki and Chris Rissel

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:10

    Content type: Review

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  43. Many people aim to eat healthily. Yet, affluent food environments encourage consumption of energy dense and nutrient-poor foods, making it difficult to accomplish individual goals such as maintaining a healthy...

    Authors: Björn Pannicke, Tim Kaiser, Julia Reichenberger and Jens Blechert

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:9

    Content type: Research

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  44. Maternal health and lifestyle during pregnancy may be critical for the onset and progression of childhood obesity. Prenatal lifestyle interventions have been shown to positively affect maternal behaviors, gest...

    Authors: Roxana Raab, Sophie Michel, Julia Günther, Julia Hoffmann, Lynne Stecher and Hans Hauner

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:8

    Content type: Research

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  45. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate whether behaviour change interventions promote changes in physical activity and anthropometrics (body mass, body mass index and waist circ...

    Authors: Stephen Barrett, Stephen Begg, Paul O’Halloran, Owen Howlett, Jack Lawrence and Michael Kingsley

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:7

    Content type: Review

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  46. Early childhood is a critical period for growth and development, yet the association with physical activity during this important period is unknown. The aim of this review is to critically summarize the eviden...

    Authors: Sanne L. C. Veldman, Mai J. M. Chin A Paw and Teatske M. Altenburg

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:6

    Content type: Review

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  47. National, regional and global scientific production and research capacity for physical activity - PA may contribute to improving public health PA policies and programs. There is an uneven distribution of resea...

    Authors: Andrea Ramírez Varela, Gloria Isabel Nino Cruz, Pedro Hallal, Cauane Blumenberg, Shana Ginar da Silva, Deborah Salvo, Rafaela Martins, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Eugen Resendiz, Maria Catalina del Portillo, Luciana Zaranza Monteiro, Selina Khoo, Kar Hau Chong, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Alice Mannocci, Ding Ding…

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:35

  48. Extensive research has demonstrated the role of the Home Environment (HE) in shaping children’s energy balance behaviours. Less is known about direct relationships with bodyweight. This review examines associa...

    Authors: Alice R. Kininmonth, Andrea D. Smith, Clare H. Llewellyn, Louise Dye, Clare L. Lawton and Alison Fildes

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:4

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  49. Children’s activity patterns in the periods before and after school make a key contribution to achieving 24-h movement guidelines. There are currently no national-level guidelines informing physical activity a...

    Authors: Rosa Virgara, Anna Phillips, Lucy Lewis, Mandy Richardson and Carol Maher

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  50. Evidence suggests that Arab migrant populations engage in low levels of physical activity. To our knowledge, there are no reviews that explore the perspectives of Arab migrant populations on the factors influe...

    Authors: Aymen El Masri, Gregory S. Kolt and Emma S. George

    Citation: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2021 18:2

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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