Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Longitudinal associations between motorway exposure and change in walking, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behaviour

From: Effects of urban motorways on physical activity and sedentary behaviour in local residents: a natural experimental study

  Walking MVPA Sedentary behaviour
  Participation (yes/no) Minutes per week   Participation (yes/no) Minutes per week   Minutes per day
Exposure N OR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI) N OR (95% CI) IRR (95% CI) N B (95% CI)
Area: New motorway (South) (Reference: no motorway (North)) 248 0.68 (0.24, 1.89) 0.82 (0.62,1.10) 214 0.60 (0.25, 1.43) 0.94 (0.68, 1.31) 215 52.46 (−15.70, 120.62)
Proximity within study area with new motorway 88 1.54 (0.24, 9.70) 1.27 (0.86,1.89) 70 2.39 (0.49, 11.65) 1.27 (0.76, 2.12) 81 −40.17 (−125.38, 45.05)
Area: Existing motorway (East) (Reference: no motorway (North)) 248 0.57 (0.19, 1.68) 1.07 (0.79,1.47) 214 0.37 (0.15, 0.91) 0.89 (0.62, 1.27) 215 39.39 (−33.48, 112.27)
Proximity within study area with existing motorway 69 1.55 (0.32, 7.52) 1.03 (0.71,1.50) 59 0.30 (0.09, 0.97) 0.77 (0.46, 1.29) 59 59.41 (−26.91, 145.73)
  1. Bold values represent statistically significant associations (p < 0.05). MVPA = moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, OR odds ratio, IRR incidence rate ratio, B beta, CI confidence interval
  2. Proximity was defined as the negative of the natural logarithm of the road network distance in metres from the weighted population centroid of the unit postcode of residence to the nearest motorway junction. Analyses were adjusted for age, gender, home ownership, car ownership, work status and time lived in neighbourhood