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Table 3 Adolescent sedentary activity at Time 2 by adolescent-reported parental factors at Time 1: 5-year longitudinal associations

From: Parental influences on adolescents' physical activity and sedentary behavior: longitudinal findings from Project EAT-II

   na Model 1b Adjusted Mean Hours of TV/Video per Week by Level of Parental Factors Model 1 p for trendb Model 2 p for trendc
    Not at all A little Somewhat Very much   
Maternal Encouragement to be Active         
  Younger Males 324 19.4 18.4 20.4 17.4 0.50 0.63
  Older Males 730 16.2 18.2 19.6 19.4 0.02 <0.01
  Young Females 393 21.7 19.7 16.7 15.9 <0.01 0.02
  Older Females 904 17.6 17.1 17.4 17.7 0.85 0.58
Mother Cares About Staying Fit         
  Young Males 325 18.4 19.7 18.7 18.0 0.78 0.94
  Older Males 731 19.1 19.1 18.4 19.9 0.72 0.30
  Young Females 394 20.9 17.0 17.6 16.3 0.04 0.45
  Older Females 908 16.9 17.9 17.5 17.2 0.94 0.92
Paternal Encouragement to be Active         
  Younger Males 317 17.9 20.6 19.8 17.4 0.72 0.24
  Older Males 707 18.4 18.8 18.3 19.4 0.46 0.04
  Young Females 359 18.3 17.1 18.0 14.9 0.08 0.66
  Older Females 874 18.7 16.4 17.7 17.2 0.29 0.22
Father Cares About Staying Fit         
  Young Males 317 17.3 18.8 19.3 18.1 0.67 0.15
  Older Males 702 19.2 19.4 18.0 19.3 0.78 0.20
  Young Females 360 17.7 15.9 16.9 16.5 0.61 0.27
  Older Females 873 18.4 17.1 17.2 17.5 0.40 0.32
  1. a n may differ slightly across variables and models
  2. b Model 1: Adjusted for race (white/non white) and SES in 5 categories
  3. c Model 2: Adjusted for race (white/non white, SES in 5 categories and hours of TV/video at Time 1)