Skip to main content

Table 2 Adolescent physical activity at Time 2 by adolescent-reported parental factors at Time 1: 5-year longitudinal associations

From: Parental influences on adolescents' physical activity and sedentary behavior: longitudinal findings from Project EAT-II

   na Model 1b Adjusted Mean Hours of MVPA per Week by Level of Parental Factors Model 1b p for trend Model 2c p for trend
    Not at all A little Somewhat Very much   
Maternal Encouragement to be Active         
  Younger Males 324 7.3 7.6 7.7 7.9 0.22 0.96
  Older Males 731 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.8 <0.01 <0.01
  Younger Females 395 5.5 6.0 6.3 6.7 <0.01 0.06
  Older Females 907 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.9 0.30 0.68
Mother Cares About Staying Fit         
  Younger Males 325 7.4 7.2 8.2 7.6 0.31 0.93
  Older Males 732 7.3 7.1 7.6 7.3 0.60 0.97
  Younger Females 396 5.8 6.4 6.2 6.7 0.12 0.99
  Older Females 911 5.6 5.7 5.8 6.1 0.12 0.38
Paternal Encouragement to be Active         
  Younger Males 317 6.8 7.0 7.7 8.2 <0.01 0.02
  Older Males 708 6.7 7.0 7.7 7.7 <0.01 <0.01
  Younger Females 361 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.6 0.20 0.87
  Older Females 877 5.5 6.0 5.7 6.1 0.06 0.89
Father Cares About Staying Fit         
  Younger Males 317 6.3 7.3 8.0 8.1 <0.01 0.10
  Older Males 703 6.8 7.2 7.7 7.7 <0.01 0.01
  Younger Females 362 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.6 0.10 0.23
  Older Females 876 5.5 6.0 5.9 6.0 0.05 0.30
  1. a n may differ slightly across variables and models
  2. b Model 1: Adjusted for race (white/non white) and SES in 5 categories
  3. c Model 2: Adjusted for race (white/non white, SES in 5 categories and hours of MVPA at Time 1)