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Table 1 Adolescent reports of parental influence variables at Time 1 and adolescent physical activity and sedentary behaviors at Time 2 by gender and cohort: Descriptive statistics

From: Parental influences on adolescents' physical activity and sedentary behavior: longitudinal findings from Project EAT-II

  Younger Males# Older Males# Younger Females# Older Females# Gender * Cohort Interaction
  N Mean (SE) N Mean (SE) N Mean (SE) N Mean (SE) F p
Maternal Influence Variables* (Time 1)           
Encouragement to be Active 347 3.13 (.05) 750 3.09 (.04) 417 3.07 (.05) 921 2.90 (.03) 2.25 .13
Cares About Staying Fit 348 2.95 (.05) a 751 2.90 (.03) a 417 2.99 (.05) a 925 2.76 (.03) b 4.64 .03
Paternal Influence Variables* (Time 1)           
Encouragement to be Active 339 3.07 (.06) 727 2.93 (.04) 382 2.90 (.06) 891 2.65 (.04) 1.12 .29
Cares About Staying Fit 339 2.89 (.06) 722 2.66 (.04) 383 2.76 (.05) 890 2.57 (.04) .13 .72
Primary Outcomes (Time 2)           
Hours of MVPA per week 356 7.61 (.14) 749 7.36 (.09) 429 6.34 (.13) 936 5.79 (.08) 1.77 .18
Hours of TV & Video per week 357 19.08 (.54) 748 19.17 (.37) 427 17.14 (.50) 933 17.28 (.33) 0.00 .96
  1. #Younger refers to participants who were in middle school at Time 1, and high school at Time 2, Older refers to participants who were in high school at Time 1, and were young adults at Time 2
  2. * Scale = 1 – 4 (1 = not at all; 2 = a little; 3 = somewhat; 4 = very much)
  3. Note: For each comparison, means with different letters were significantly different (p < .05), while means sharing the same letter were indistinguishable.